Orikum and Karaburun are between the Vlora Bay on East and Ionian Sea on West. Karaburun is 800 m over the sea level. The highest points of it are the Flag Point (826 m) and the one of Cadere (839m). this area has the status “Managed reserve of Nature” , which belongs to the 4th Category.
The Karaburun area is characterized by a biological diversity and an amazing view thanks to its geographic position the climacteric conditions and territorials one. There are lots of habitats which are used by lots of animals, which are internationally important and that’s the reason why they are protected.
Actually, the Karaburun area is found near to a populated area, the people of which have, generally, worked as farmers. In the Karaburun area, during the winter is developed the farming. Being in a favorable position, as the only way for connecting Vlora with Orikum, Himara and Saranda, it has the favor to offer historical point of views as Vlora, Kanina, Amantia, Mavrova, Orikum, Himare etc.
The historical data , lots of archaeological and 19 cultural monuments, we can prove that the region has been one of the most developed and civil in South Albania. This is proved with the discovering of 7 antique cities, which very rich and known at the time. One of the biggest center in this area, has been also, the Karaburun peninsula.
The archeological center is in a land , near to some stairs which were used to separate a little lagoon by the bay with the same name (Pasha Liman). This is a channel whis is now converted into a marsh which connects the sea with the lagoon. Orikum has been an antique city for lots of times, starting from the ottoman occupy, Romans, Greeks, but today it is converted in a modern city, especially during summer when hundreds of tourists visit it. There is a part of it which is not used by tourists, because it is hold like a military area.
This part is an amazing area that everyone who is allowed to see it, dream to come back there another time. But when we say Orikum, we don’t mean only this city, it is called the area from the Llogara Lagoon till to Pasha Liman. It is near to the Karaburun Peninsula and the village called Dukat. It is between the Llogara Lagoon and the Natural managed reserve of Karaburun and serves as a bridge that connects two natural ecosystems, being also, part of them. Some of the most precious objects of it are:
It is located at the end of the Karaburun peninsula where it is connected with Dukat’s lagoon. It is built on the top of a hill near to the sea. It is a byzantine church with cupola, built during the XII century. To visit it you need to follow the street that passes through the Orikum city until it arrives at the water system and from there you should follow the street that brings you near to the channel. (more…)